HONOURABLE MENTION: Diaspora Discontent: Canada and the Kosovo Crisis
In 1999, Canada participated in NATO’s Operation Allied Force, a 78-day bombing campaign against Yugoslavia which was meant to end the ethnic cleansing of Kosovar Albanians. Officially, humanitarian, and regional stability considerations were the interests underlying Canada’s foreign policy towards Kosovo. However, primary sources reveal that diaspora discontent was another strategic interest and concern of Canada during the Kosovo War. As Canada continued to accept immigrants, the demographics of the country changed fostering a strategic interest in understanding the role cultural communities play in times of peace, and especially also in times of war. This article analyzes the role of the Serbian-Canadian and Albanian-Canadian communities in Canada during the Kosovo War which is used as a case study for the importance of understanding the role of diaspora communities within Canada.