Gas in the maritime Exclusive Economic Zone of Israel and the transformation of the Regional Security Complex Levant


  • Dr. Melanie Carina Schmoll University of Hamburg, Germany


Security and resources are closely linked together. To broaden the category of security from strictly military and defense issues to include energy and resource security is not a new idea. Ultimately, “security is what actors make it.“ This definition of securityis a wide ranging one and includes political and military aspects as well as societies and their developments including many actors and different levels and sectors – so called `units`. This wide definition is also useful for analysing the Levant region, which is currently undergoing a period of transformation. On the one hand, developments since 2010 have applied increasing pressure on the actors of the so called sub-Regional Security Complex (RSC) Levant. On the other hand, new development can be observed in the level of interdependence in the substitution of natural resources like water, gas and oil. Internal transformation of the region has occurred and will lead to a transition of the region. The impact on security dynamics with regard to energy and resources will have consequences for the entire Levant and beyond.

Author Biography

Dr. Melanie Carina Schmoll, University of Hamburg, Germany

Dr. Melanie Carina Schmoll, PhD, is a Political Scientist and Lecturer at the University of Hamburg, Germany. Her main research focuses on the Middle East and Israel. She travelled extensively to the region in the past and works currently on the impact of the ongoing developments on security dynamics for Israel.