Strategy "in a microcosm": Processes of tactical learning in a WWI German Infantry Division

Christian Stachelbeck


This is an assessment of  command, learning and combat performance within one German formation during the First World War. The 11th Bavarian Infantry Division, is used as a marker for the experiences of normal German divisions during the war. This account, based on detailed empirical study, is an example of operational history at the divisional level. It isolates variables such as how command and training worked within the 11th Bavarian Infantry Division, how much autonomy commanders had, and how they adapted to changes in circumstances.


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JMSS is a publication of the Centre for Military, Security and Strategic Studies at the University of Calgary.

JMSS gratefully acknowledges the financial support of the Social Science and Humanities Research Council.