The Evolution of Strategic Thinking in World War I: A Case Study of the Second Battle of the Marne

Michael Neiberg


This analysis compares the strategy, command and operations of the armies of Germany and the Allied and Associated Powers during the First World War, with particular focus on 1918. It shows the difficulties which both sides found in combining grand strategy, with what could be done operationally in the field. It shows that imperfect political consequences flowed from Ferdinand Foch‘s able and surprisingly humane approach to war. Foch was an officer who could learn, and the only one who commanded the western front effectively.

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JMSS is a publication of the Centre for Military, Security and Strategic Studies at the University of Calgary.

JMSS gratefully acknowledges the financial support of the Social Science and Humanities Research Council.