Politics by other means: Canadian "Strategy" and the Italian Campaign, 1943

Christine E. Leppard


This manuscript addresses the decision of the Canadian government in 1943 to send a Corps to participate in the invasion of Italy. In the process, Canada divided its forces in Europe into two groups, so wrecking an established military and political principle, to keep all its soldiers in Europe under unified Canadian command. The author concludes that confusion, incompetence and crossed wires among Canadian politicians and generals produced this decision, allowing ephemeral political needs to compromise greater aims. 


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JMSS is a publication of the Centre for Military, Security and Strategic Studies at the University of Calgary.

JMSS gratefully acknowledges the financial support of the Social Science and Humanities Research Council.